Muse

Muse (myo͞oz)
n. 1) Greek Mythology Any of the nine daughters of Mnemosyne and Zeus, each of whom presided over a different art or science. 2) muse a) A guiding spirit. b) A source of inspiration: »

the lover who was the painter's muse.

3) muse Archaic A poet.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin Mūsa, from Greek Mousa; see men-1.]
Word History: Ever since Chaucer first mentions the Muses in a work from around 1390, English poets have invoked these goddesses like so many other versifiers since the days of Homer, who begins both The Iliad and The Odyssey with an invocation of his Muse. The word Muse comes from Latin Mūsa, which in turn is from Greek Mousa. In Greek dialects, this word is found in the variant forms mōsa and moisa, and together these indicate that the Greek word comes from an original *montwa. As to the further origins of this form, a clue is provided by the name of Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory and mother of the Muses. Her name is simply the Greek noun mnēmosunē, "memory"—the faculty of memory was indeed the mother of invention for the ancient Greek professional poets and bards whose job it was to compose new poems in traditional styles on festive occasions, to recite the verses of Homer, and to improvise material whenever they had a memory lapse. Greek mnēmosunē is derived from the root *mnā-, an extended form of the Greek and Indo-European root *men-, "to think." This is the root from which English also gets the words amnesia (from Greek), mental (from Latin), and mind (from Germanic). The reconstructed form *montwa, the ancestor of Greek Mousa, also comes from this root and probably originally referred to "mental power" that enables poets to craft verses—the Muses were the Greek poets' divinized conceptions of the faculties that help them to create and recite poetry.

Word Histories. 2014.

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  • muse — muse …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • muse — [ myz ] n. f. • XIIIe; lat. musa, gr. moûsa 1 ♦ Chacune des neuf déesses qui, dans la mythologie antique, présidaient aux arts libéraux. Les neuf Muses : Clio (histoire), Calliope (éloquence, poésie héroïque), Melpomène (tragédie), Thalie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Muse — Muse …   Википедия

  • Muse — De izquierda a derecha, Matthew Bellamy, Dominic Howard y Christopher Wolstenholme …   Wikipedia Español

  • muse — 1. (mu z ) s. f. 1°   Chacune des neuf déesses qui présidaient, suivant les anciens, aux arts libéraux (on met une majuscule). Clio, Muse de l histoire ; Calliope, Muse de l éloquence et de la poésie héroïque ; Melpomène, Muse de la tragédie ;… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Muse — steht für: Muse (Mythologie), eine von mehreren Schwestern als Schutzgöttinnen der Künste in der griechischen Mythologie Muse (Beziehung), ein für jemanden anregend inspirierender Mensch Muse (Band), britische Rockband den Film Die Muse von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MUSE — steht für: eine Gruppe von neun göttlichen Personifikationen aus der griechischen Mythologie, siehe Muse (Mythologie) die anregend inspirierende Freundin eines Künstlers, siehe Muse (Beziehung) eine britische Rockband, siehe Muse (Band) ein Film… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muse (EP) — Muse EP by Muse Released 11 May 1998 (1998 05 11) …   Wikipedia

  • MusE — 0.7 running under KDE on Linux Developer(s) The MusE Team Stable release 1.1 / 27 September 2010; 13 months ago …   Wikipedia

  • Muse — Sf erw. bildg. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus gr. Moũsa (über l. Mūsa), Name der griechischen Göttinnen der Kunst (und Wissenschaft). Heute meist für die Inspiration des Dichters gebraucht (die Muse hat ihn geküßt u.ä.). Adjektiv: musisch.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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